十月二十四日，聖教會紀念「慈祐孝女會The Daughters of St. Mary of Providence」創辦人，真福類斯.冠樂Louis Guanella神父。這女修會修女現正服務於我們的教區：Beth Ann Dillon修女是我們「溫哥華特殊教授要理課程VANSPEC」總監；Rhonda Brown修女則服務於溫哥華聖伯特利爵聖堂St. Patrick’s Parish。
真福類斯.冠樂神父寫道：「明智有兩種：超性的和人性的。有些基督徒故然良善, 但他們只以人性的明智去做人處事, 他們所行的道路和所達到的目標都較遜於那些完全信賴天主的人。信賴天主的人活得更平靜和安穩。」冠樂神父就是藉超性的明智達至成功和聖德。
Son of Providence and Servant of Charity
On Oct. 24 the Church commemorates Blessed Louis Guanella, founder of the Daughters of St. Mary of Providence. The community has one house in Canada and it’s in our archdiocese. Sister Beth Ann Dillon, the Director of VANSPEC (Vancouver Special Catechetical Program), and Sister Rhonda Brown, who assists at St. Patrick’s Parish, are spiritual daughters of Blessed Louis Guanella.
Life of Father Guanella
Father Guanella was born in 1842 and ordained a priest in 1866. He believed in the dignity of each human life. He had special love for the incurable, the abandoned aged, the physically and mentally handicapped, and the orphaned and needy children. Father Guanella would call the mentally deficient men and boys his “good children.” When he died in 1915 he left these “good children” to his followers as his “treasures.”
Father Guanella accomplished much for the poor and the sick by relying on the providence of God. With a small amount of fixed income, he always had money for the poor, the sick, and various works. There was always enough to pay for the printing of numerous books as well.
One time the superior of a school discovered there was no food for lunch. She informed Father Guanella, who replied, “It is only 11:30, providence still has half an hour to provide.” The sister asked the students to pray, and at noon a cart delivered a sack of rice. No one knew where the cart had come from.
Divine providence is God’s loving care for us. It implies two things: God foresees all things, and He directs all things. According to a religion textbook, “Providence is the detailed and eternal plan according to which the entire universe is preserved and directed to the end for which it was created: the glory of God and the eternal happiness of man.”
Irrational creatures participate in the divine plan of God by necessity, and rational creatures (angels and human beings) participate in the divine plan of God by free choice.
The characteristics of the providence of God are universality, wisdom, goodness, and justice.
Universality refers to the fact that God looks after and takes care of all things that exist, or have existed, or will ever exist, even the smallest thing.
Wisdom: everything that occurs is within the all-wise plan of God. Nothing happens unless God wills it or at least permits it.
Goodness: both creation and providence are acts of God’s infinite goodness and love.
Justice: all sin will be punished, either here on earth, in purgatory, or in hell; and all good will be rewarded, either here on earth or in heaven.
Our response to divine providence should be courage and confidence. No matter how difficult life may be, we firmly believe that God is mysteriously guiding us. The Catechism teaches us, “God would not permit evil if He did not cause a good to come from that very evil.”
We express our trust in divine providence through prayer. Blessed Guanella believed faith, prayer, and work merited the help of providence. He taught his religious “to pray and suffer” as the best means of success.
Blessed Louis Guanella wrote, “There are two kinds of prudence, human and divine. There are Christians, otherwise good, who regulate themselves according to human prudence, who undertake a path and come to a goal which, however, is different from the goal of those who, trusting themselves entirely to God, go on with more tranquillity and assurance.”
It was with divine prudence that Father Guanella reached success and perfection.